This Biography is about one of the best Medical Physicist Rosalyn Sussman Yalow including her Height, weight,Age & Other Detail…
|Biography Of Rosalyn Sussman Yalow|
|Real Name||Rosalyn Sussman Yalow|
|Famous as||Medical Physicist|
|Personal Life of Rosalyn Sussman Yalow|
|Born on||19 July 1921|
|Died At Age||89|
|Born in||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Died on||30 May 2011|
|Place of death||The Bronx, New York, U.S.|
|Family Background of Rosalyn Sussman Yalow|
|Education||Hunter College, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign|
|Discoveries / Inventions||Radioimmunoassay (RIA)|
|Awards||1972 Dickson Prize 1975 AMA Scientific Achievement Award 1976 Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988 National Medal of Science
|Personal Fact of Rosalyn Sussman Yalow|
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was an American biochemist and a medical physicist who received Nobel Prize in 1977 for developing radioimmunoassay or RIA technique. She was the only woman scientist until then to receive this prize in Physiology or Medicine. The technique was used to measure various minute quantities of biological substances in the human blood and other aqueous fluids with the help of radioactive isotopes. The technique involves the use of two reagents of which the radioactive reagent bonds with the target substance while the antibody reagent reacts chemically with the target substance.
Initially this technique was used to measure the level of insulin in the blood but was later used to measure hundreds of other substances such as vitamins, hormones, enzymes and also drugs in the blood stream which could be detected easily earlier. Yalow was helped by another physicist, Solomon A. Berson, in developing the RIA technique.
She shared the prize money with two other scientists, Andrew Schally and Roger Guilleman as Solomon Berson was no longer alive when the announcement was made. She was also the first woman to achieve many more scientific feats during her career such as finding the underlying mechanism which caused type-II diabetes. Her radioimmunoassay technique is also used for testing the presence of the hepatitis virus in patients.
|This Biography Written By 7infi.com|